This page contains the following:Before placing templates on a page it is worthwhile to consider whether it should in fact be included in Wikipedia according to Wikipedia:What Wikipedia is not

This page contains the following:Before placing templates on a page it is worthwhile to consider whether it should in fact be included in Wikipedia according to Wikipedia:What Wikipedia is not. Some articles can be tagged for speedy deletion or marked as an article for deletion.It is useful to add the date of the request (or sometimes, a bot will assist by doing it automatically) by appending |date=month year to the template code, like this: {{Unreferenced|date=January 2016}} to produce this:links talk editlinks talk edit(wp gwp g bwp b | eb 1911 co gct sw arc ht)These templates can be added to articles (close to the end of the article, in the References or External links section, for example). Before adding the template to an article, check the details of the usage—some templates require parameters such as a URL. Most of these templates add the articles to the category Wikipedia articles incorporating text from public domain works of the United States Government.Some of the reference types below use named fields (such as Title=Electric Power Monthly). In these references, you must use the exact field name (capitalization matters). Fields are separated with pipe (|) characters. The order of the fields does not matter.For interwiki translation and other copying, see Wikipedia:Copying within Wikipedia.This article was originally based on one in Camerapedia, retrieved at an unknown date under the GNU Free Documentation License.This page was originally based on an entry from Comixpedia and is used under the GNU Free Documentation License.The following examples are examples of Wikipedia:Footnotes from {{Ref/examples}} are rendered as a template in the following table. These references can be used with the citations above to create a link from the text to the references.Linking and footnote templatesTags attached to links in text area:For two links to the same footnote labeled "example.com", you would:Tags attached to links in References or Footnote section:"#{{note|reference1}} example of {{note}}"—In References section, citation labeled "reference1"."#{{note label|example.com|2|none}}"—In References section, citation labeled "example.comnone". Creates backlink to matching {{ref label}} entry in the text labeled "example.comnone".Now, if you have two links to the same footnote labeled "example.com", you would do:"#{{note label|example.com|3|a}}{{note label|example.com|3|b}} example of {{note label}}""{{note label|nextexample.com|4|4}} example of {{note label}}"
In text area:In References or Footnote section:4 example of {{note label}}Notes:"Genus species". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 1 January 2004. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2004). "Genus species" in FishBase. January 2004 version.Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2004). Genus species in FishBase. January 2004 version.Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (Year). Species of Genus in FishBase. Month Year version.Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (Year). "Family" in FishBase. Month Year version.Lastname, Firstname Initial (Year). "Title". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version IUCN_Year. International Union for Conservation of Nature.  Check date values in: |date= (help){{worldhistory|section=|quote=}}Example: {{worldhistory|section=716|quote=Diderot's encyclopedia banned in 1751}}
Creates: Diderot's encyclopedia banned in 1751 from The Encyclopedia of World History Sixth Edition, Peter N. Stearns (general editor), © 2001 The Houghton Mifflin Company, at Bartleby.com.{{Cite gnis|id|name|type=}}Example: {{Cite gnis|2410240|Cotati}}
Creates: "Cotati". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. {{Gpn|id|name}}Example: {{Gpn|65876|Stickney}}
Creates: Blue, Jennifer. "Stickney". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.Citation templates are used to format citations in a consistent way, as an alternative to formatting the citations by hand. The use of citation templates is neither encouraged nor discouraged. Templates may be used or removed at the discretion of individual editors, subject to agreement with other editors on the article. Because templates can be contentious, editors should not add citation templates, or change an article with a consistent citation format to another, without gaining consensus; see WP:CITECONSENSUS and WP:CITEVAR. The various citation templates below may be freely mixed, since they all produce a similar format.For a citation to appear in a footnote, it needs to be enclosed in "ref" tags. You can add these by typing <ref> at the front of the citation and </ref> at the end. Alternatively you may notice above the edit box there is a row of "markup" formatting buttons which include a <ref></ref> button to the right—if you highlight your whole citation and then click this markup button, it will automatically enclose your citation in ref tags (i.e. <ref>citation</ref>).Note, if this is a new page or if there are not already references previously cited, it is necessary to create a section usually named "Notes" or "References" near the end of the page; see WP:FNNR and MOS:APPENDIX for more information on section names:orAdd a name attribute when creating a footnote <ref name="name">citation text</ref>. Thereafter, the footnote may be referenced by just using the following expression <ref name="name" />.When an article cites many different pages from the same source, there are two main methods of unifying them instead of copying a completely new citation. One method is shortened footnotes (see Shortened footnotes), which automatically displays an entirely new reference listing in the References section per unique page citation. Another method is to use the template {{rp}}, which appends any type of positional information (such as page numbers, chapter numbers, or audiovisual time code) directly each given citation in the article body, which would result in text such as :2345 appearing after a superscripted footnote number.Wikilinks to citation templates can be created using the templates {{harv}}, {{harvnb}}, {{harvtxt}}, {{sfn}}, etc. For example this "Mumford 1999" links to a citation template below. This is of particular interest for inline citations using parenthetical referencing or when using shortened footnotes.[1] (See the examples below or wikilinks to full references){{Citation}} creates a citation in the same format as most of the Citation Style 1 templates, except that the periods are replaced with commas and there is no final period. A complete list of templates that are mimicked by {{citation}} can be found at {{citation/core}}. The parameters |separator= |postscript= (available for most templates) can also be used to alter the punctuation.Below are examples of how to use various templates to cite a book, encyclopedia, journal, website, comic strip, video and editorial comics, etc.For a list of tools that can help create some of the templates below, see: Wikipedia:Citation tools.Citations are commonly embedded in reference templates. For more information, see: Wikipedia:Footnotes.Mumford, David (1999). The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes. Lecture Notes in Mathematics 1358 (2nd expanded ed.). Berlin: Springer-Verlag. p. 198. doi:10.1007/b62130. ISBN 354063293X. MR 1748380. Zbl 0945.14001. Cordell, Bruce R.; Grubb, Jeff; Noonan, David (September 2001). Manual of the Planes. Berlin: Wizards of the Coast. pp. 198–203. ISBN 0-786918-50-0. Mumford, David (1999), The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes, Lecture Notes in Mathematics 1358 (2nd expanded ed.), Berlin: Springer-Verlag, p. 198, doi:10.1007/b62130, ISBN 354063293X, MR 1748380, Zbl 0945.14001 Cordell, Bruce R.; Grubb, Jeff; Noonan, David (September 2001), Manual of the Planes, Berlin: Wizards of the Coast, pp. 198–203, ISBN 0-786918-50-0 Breyer, Stephen (October 1972). "Copyright: A Rejoinder". UCLA Law Review 20: 75–83. Bailey, David H.; Borwein, Peter; Borwein, Jonathan M. (25 June 1997). "The Quest for Pi" (PDF). Mathematical Intelligencer (Berlin: Springer-Verlag) 19 (1): 50–57. doi:10.1007/BF03024340. ISSN 0343-6993. MR 1439159. Zbl 0878.11002. Breyer, Stephen (October 1972), "Copyright: A Rejoinder", UCLA Law Review 20: 75–83 Bailey, David H.; Borwein, Peter; Borwein, Jonathan M. (25 June 1997), "The Quest for Pi" (PDF), Mathematical Intelligencer (Berlin: Springer-Verlag) 19 (1): 50–57, doi:10.1007/BF03024340, ISSN 0343-6993, MR 1439159, Zbl 0878.11002 Spiegel, Rachel. "Research in the News: Thalidomide". Archived from the original on 3 March 2006. Retrieved 30 April 2006. (Write date as one of the formats shown at MOS:DATE; e.g. |date=22 July 2009 or |date=July 22, 2009.)Hansen, James E.; Ruedy, R.; Sato, M.; Lo, K. (December 15, 2005). "GISS Surface Temperature Analysis Global Temperature Trends: 2005 Summation". NASA.gov. NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies. Retrieved September 28, 2006. Spiegel, Rachel, Research in the News: Thalidomide, retrieved 30 April 2006 Hansen, James E.; Ruedy, R.; Sato, M.; Lo, K. (December 15, 2005), GISS Surface Temperature Analysis Global Temperature Trends: 2005 Summation, NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, retrieved September 28, 2006 Lee, Stan (w), Kirby, Jack (p), Rule, Christopher (i). "The Fantastic Four!" The Fantastic Four 1: 3/2 (November 1961), Marvel ComicsCaniff, Milton (c). Steve Canyon. Journal Herald (Dayton, OH). July 15, 1967, [Color Comics Supplement], Newspaper SyndicateTurk, M.; Pentland, A. (1991). "Face recognition using eigenfaces". Proc. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. Maui, Hawaii. pp. 586–591. Evans, N. R.; Schaefer, G.; Bond, H.; Karovska, M.; Nelan, E.; Sasselov, D. (January 9, 2006). "Direct detection of the close companion of Polaris with the Hubble Space Telescope". American Astronomical Society 207th Meeting. AAS. Turk, M.; Petland, A. (1991), "Face recognition using eigenfaces", Proc. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, Maui, Hawaii, pp. 586–591  Missing or empty |title= (help)Evans, N. R.; Schaefer, G.; Bond, H.; Karovska, M.; Nelan, E.; Sasselov, D. (January 9, 2006), "Direct detection of the close companion of Polaris with the Hubble Space Telescope", American Astronomical Society 207th Meeting, AAS  Missing or empty |title= (help)Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973).Winkler Prins, Anthony, ed. (1882). "Kirkegaard, Ole Lund". Grote Winkler Prins 9. Elsevier. Kramer, Martin (1999). "Bernard Lewis". In Boyd, Kelley. Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing 1. London: Fitzroy Dearborn. pp. 719–720. Winkler Prins, Anthony, ed. (1882), "Kirkegaard, Ole Lund", Grote Winkler Prins 9, Elsevier Kramer, Martin (1999), "Bernard Lewis", in Boyd, Kelley, Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing 1, London: Fitzroy Dearborn, pp. 719–720 Presenters: Dennis Taylor and Clive Everton (2008-04-27). "BBC-TV Presents: The 2008 World Snooker Championship Live at The Crucible". Wide World of Snooker. 2:34 minutes in. BBC. BBC Two. "Duet". Stargate Atlantis. Season 2. Episode 4. August 5, 2005. Murdock, Ian (26 October 1995). "Debian GNU/Linux 0.93 Release 6 now available". debian-announce (Mailing list). Retrieved 20 April 2007. Kansas Department of Transportation (2005). Official State Transportation Map (PDF) (Map) (2005–06 ed.). Topeka: Kansas Department of Transportation. § F9. Retrieved March 30, 2007. Skelly Oil Company; Diversified Map Co (1966). Highway Map of Oklahoma (Map). [1:1,500,000]. St. Louis: Diversified Map Co. § 11C. OCLC 67708775. Finn, Gary (31 August 1998). "What a growing lad needs is a naughty book, says Blair". The Independent (London). Andersen, David; Witter, Lameen (17 February 2006). "Former Marine, Go Daddy CEO Talks About His Rise to Success". Marine Corps News. Retrieved 6 June 2006. Finn, Gary (31 August 1998), "What a growing lad needs is a naughty book, says Blair", The Independent (London), archived from the original on 2010-03-06 Andersen, David; Witter, Lameen (17 February 2006), "Former Marine, Go Daddy CEO Talks About His Rise to Success", Marine Corps News, retrieved 2 June 2006 Gary S. Terhune (January 11, 2004). "Lost Ctrl-Alt-Del function on W98, 2nd". Newsgroup: microsoft.public.win98.gen_discussion Check |newsgroup= value (help). uAIVMjC2DHA.2336@TK2MSFTNGP09.phx.gbl. Retrieved May 16, 2006. Trodel (June 10, 2006). "How can helping "Kids in Africa" be in my self interest". Newsgroup: humanities.philosophy.objectivism. 1149950890.204481.35810@h76g2000cwa.googlegroups.com. Retrieved July 3, 2006. US 6266706, Degermark, Mikael; Andrej Brodnik & Svante Carlsson et al., "Fast routing lookup system using complete prefix tree, bit vector, and pointers in a routing table for determining where to route IP datagrams", issued 2001 "Nature compares Wikipedia and Britannica" (Press release). The Wikimedia Foundation. 15 December 2005. Retrieved 3 July 2006. "HFPA Announces Timetable for 64th Annual Golden Globe Awards" (Press release). Hollywood Foreign Press Association. May 25, 2006. Retrieved June 13, 2006. Al-Issawi, Omar (Director) (2001). Harab libnan (Television production). Lebanon: Al-Issawi, Omar. Dick Cavett (2005). The Dick Cavett Show — Rock Icons (1969) (DVD). Shout Factory. Bungie (September 25, 2007). Halo 3. Xbox 360. Microsoft Game Studios. Level/area: The Storm. Arbiter: More Brutes? / Master Chief: Worse. These templates automatically create a one-directional link to the first matching citation template on the same page. All the following templates are supported: {{citation}} · {{cite book}} · {{cite journal}} · {{cite web}} · {{cite conference}} · {{cite encyclopedia}} · {{cite mailing list}} · {{cite news}} · {{cite press release}} · {{cite arXiv}} · {{cite AV media}} (an up-to-date list is at Template:Citation/core). To use the links, the template must define "Surname" (or "Last") and "Year" and must include |==Notes==
{{reflist}}Three Harvcol templates are altered to use colons to indicate page numbers.Harvcol templatesWikipedia does not dictate a particular way to insert citations into an article. As a result, there are multiple ways to structure citations in an article; multiple ways to insert individual citations; and multiple ways to link short-form inline citations with the full-form citations in the bibliography, when using a style that calls for short-form citations.There are three primary ways to format individual citations:The main differences between the generic {{Citation}} template and the specific Citation Style 1 templates are:There are also at least three ways to structure citations as a whole in an article:When using shortened footnotes or parenthetical references, there are multiple ways to link the shortened and full-form references:
See also WP:Footnotes and WP:Citing sources for general information, and WP:CITEX for specific examples of exactly how to write the code for various combinations of the above styles.For convenience when citations are brought to talk pages, noticeboards and other discussions, follow the group of citations with {{Reflist-talk}}.This template places the citations in their own box under the bold header References. The resulting reference box does not appear in the table of contents.